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Constructs > Construct Information
Food intake
General Information
Construct Name: Food intake
Definition of Construct: A dietary assessment is a comprehensive evaluation of a person's food intake. It is one of four parts of a nutrition assessment done in a clinical setting. These four parameters of assessment include: (1) an assessment of anthropometrics (weight, height, weight-to-height ratio, head circumference, body mass index , etc.); (2) dietary assessment, which includes a diet history or food frequency analysis; (3) a physical examination with a medical history; and (4) biochemical exams or blood/urine tests.
Related Content Area(s):
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity
Theoretical Foundation: i. A complete diet is thought to be essential to health and wellbeing in the short term and the prevention of disease in the long term. An adequate supply of vitamins and minerals prevent well understood deficiency disorders such as pellagra and scurvy. Additionally, a nutritious diet when combined with other lifestyle factors is thought to prevent chronic disease such as type 2 Diabetes, some cancers, and cardiovascular diseases. Finally, a nutritious diet during critical periods of development, particularly prenatal development, aid in the prevention of numerous diseases and developmental problems (Fitzgerald, N., Morgan, K. T., & Slawson, D. L. (2013). Practice Paper of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Abstract: The Role of Nutrition in Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention. Journal Of The Academy Of Nutrition & Dietetics, 113(7), 983. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.007)
ii. Although many theories exist to explain the obesity epidemic, positive energy balance is by far the most widely accepted. The current environment of the western world is one of readily available foods and few opportunities for physical activity. Consequently, humans in this environment are taking in far more kilocalories than needed and burning them off far less often, which increases the amount of fat stored on the body. (Hill, J. O. (2006). Understanding and addressing the epidemic of obesity: an energy balance perspective. Endocrine Reviews, 27(7), 750-761.)
Similar Constructs: Adherence, Caffeine Intake, Calcium Intake, Dairy Food Intake, Dietary Supplements Use, Fiber Intake, Health Behavior, Physical Environment, Sugar Intake
Keywords: EHR Candidate, GEM-CP Candidate, Diet; Food; Nutrition; Malnutrition; Diet recall
Related measures

(Last Updated: 3/19/2017 12:08:47 PM by Susan Roberts)


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