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Constructs > Construct Information
Coping
General Information
Construct Name: Coping
Definition of Construct: Coping is the process of managing taxing circumstances, expending effort to solve personal and interpersonal problems, and seeking to master, minimize, reduce or tolerate stress or conflict.
Form of adaptation that implies a struggle to overcome problems (Barker, 2003).
“A response that enables the individual to reduce psychological disruptions of homeostasis and psychological negative affects caused by an environmentally imposed challenges” (Suedfeld et al., 1997)
Kahana et al. (1988) propose six major categories of coping: (1) Compliance with prosecutors, (2) Manipulation or outwitting the system, (3) Resistance, (4) Altruistic behavior, (5) Social affiliation, and (6) Aggression.
Related Content Area(s):
  • Cancer
  • Mental Health
  • not specified
  • Stress
Theoretical Foundation: Lazarus Coping theory (1991) which perceives coping as the cognitive and behavioral efforts made to master, tolerate, or reduce external or internal demands and conflicts among them. Coping is related to cognitive appraisal and to the stress relevant person-environment transactions and stress is experienced when demands exceed the resources the individual is able to mobilize.
Similar Constructs: Resilience, Adaptation, Survival
Keywords: stress, trauma, resilience, coping strategy, coping mechanism
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(Last Updated: 10/4/2015 4:04:39 PM by Nurit Fischer Shemer)

     

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