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Constructs > Construct Information
General Information
Construct Name: Anxiety/Fear
Definition of Construct: Anxiety is an overall sense of unease whereas fear tends to be a specific response to a stimulus, however conflict exists as to whether these are related or separate.
Related Content Area(s):
Theoretical Foundation: Cognitive-Behavioral Models

Anxiety can be described in both biological and behavioral terms. It can be limited by personal perspective of one’s emotional and mental state as well as the perceived state of others and its relative position to other states of affect. Fear, often linked or used as a synonym for anxiety, is a separate construct, although closely related.

Cognitive Behavioral Models may explain some of the anxiety construct, but it is an incomplete view.

Russell, J. A. (1980). A circumplex model of affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(6), 1161-1178. doi:10.1037/h0077714

Gullone, E., King, N. J., & Ollendick, T. H. (2000). The development and psychometric evaluation of the Fear Experiences Questionnaire: An attempt to disentangle the fear and anxiety constructs. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 7(1), 61-75.

Emotion theory as a framework for explaining panic attacks and panic disorder. In: Current Controversies in the Anxiety Disorders, Rapee RM (ed.). Guilford Press: New York; 55±76.

American Psychiatric Association . Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. American Psychiatric Association; Washington (DC): 1994.
Similar Constructs: Anxiety, Fear, Depression
Keywords: Anxiety, fear, phobia, mental disorders
Related measures

(Last Updated: 10/4/2015 9:22:28 PM by Sharyl Evans)


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