National Cancer Institute
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Measures > Measure Information
Resting Heart Rate
General Information
Measure Name: Resting Heart Rate
Measure Type: Single Item
Construct: Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Primary Content Area: Obesity
Secondary Content Area: Cardiovascular
Brief Description: Heart rate when at rest measured in beats per minute (bpm)

Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) varies significantly between individuals and may modify responses to obesity treatment either directly or via compliance with exercise recommendations (1). CRF is also significantly correlated with mortality and comorbidity risk, independent of body fatness (2). Though the gold standard for CRF is an ergometric VO2max test, an approximation can be made from resting heart rate or an alternative submaximal fitness test. Resting heart rate is easy and inexpensive to perform and has been reported to explain about 20% of the variance in CRF (3) using multiple different equations and calculations. The 3-minute step test has been reported to explain 50% to 90% of the variance in fitness by treadmill testing but may not be practical for larger studies or patient populations.
This step test could provide a reasonable alternaive under some circumstances (4,5). There is also a simpler version using a corridor walk for those who are unable to perform the step test because of orthopedic or fitness issues (6).

1. Kantartzis K, Thamer C, Peter A, et al. High cardiorespiratory fitness is an independent predictor of the reduction in liver fat during a lifestyle intervention in
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Gut 2009;58:1281-1288.
2. Gaesser G, Tucker W, Jarrett C, Angadi S. Fitness versus fatness: which influences health and mortality risk the most? Curr Sports Med Rep 2015;14:327-332.
3. Jucra R, Jackson A, Lamonte M, et al. Assessing cardiorespiratory fitness without performing exercise testing. Am J Prev Med 2005;29:185-193.
4. Bennett H, Parfitt G, Davison K, Eston R. Validity of submaximal step tests to esitmate maximal oxygen uptake in healthy adults. Sports Med 2016;46:737-750.
5. Shephard R, Bailey D, Mirwald R. Development of the Canadian Home Fitness Test. Can Med Assoc J 1976;114:675-679.
6. Simonsick E, Fan E, Fleg J. Estimating cardiorespiratory fitness in well-functioning older adults: treadmill validation of the long distance corridor walk. J Am Geriatr Soc 2006;54:127-132.
Keywords: Heart rate rest
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Mode of Administration: Who Administered: Researcher, Third-party (proxy)
How Administered: In-person
Other/Uncategorized/To-be-decided: Biological
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(Last Updated: 3/19/2018 11:08:57 AM by Paul MacLean)

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